For 400 years, explorers, traders, and settlers plundered North American wildlife and forests that culminated in the late 19th century’s “era of extermination.” By 1900, populations of many wild animals and birds had been reduced to isolated remnants or threatened with extinction, and worry mounted that we were running out of trees. Then, in the 20th century, an incredible turnaround took place. Conservationists outlawed commercial hunting, created wildlife sanctuaries, transplanted isolated species to restored habitats and imposed regulations on hunters and trappers. Over decades, many wild populations have been increasing in numbers.
But after the Second World War something happened that conservationists hadn’t foreseen: sprawl. People moved first into suburbs on urban edges, and then kept moving out across a landscape once occupied by family farms. By 2000, a majority of Americans lived in neither cities nor country but in that vast in-between. Much of sprawl has plenty of trees and its human residents offer up more and better amenities than many wild .creatures can find in the wild: plenty of food, water, hiding places, and protection from predators. The result is a mix of people and wildlife that should be an animal-lover’s dream-come-true but often turns into a sprawl-dweller’s nightmare.
Nature Wars, published by Crown Books, will be available in November. The book offers an eye-opening look at how Americans lost touch with the natural landscape, spending 90 percent of their time indoors where nature arrives via television, films and digital screens in which wild creatures often behave like people or cuddly pets. All the while our well-meaning efforts to protect animals has allowed wild populations to burgeon out of control, causing damage costing billions, degrading ecosystems, and touching off disputes that polarize communities, setting neighbor against neighbor. Deeply researched, eloquently written, counterintuitive and often humorous Nature Wars is the definitive book on how we created this unintended mess.
Born in Detroit, he graduated from Michigan State University in East Lansing with a bachelor’s degree in journalism. He lives in New York City with his wife, the author Frances FitzGerald.